The Government introduced the Pupil Premium Grant in April 2011. This grant, which is additional to main school funding, is seen by the government as the best way to support children from less affluent backgrounds, looked after children and children with parents in the armed forces. It was therefore awarded to support children eligible for free school meals (FSM) and then it April 2012 it was extended to children who had been eligible for FSM at any point in the last 6 years.
The Pupil Premium is allocated to schools and is clearly identifiable. Schools can decide how the Pupil Premium is spent, since it is believed that they are best placed to assess what additional provision should be made for the individual pupils within their responsibility.